Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, who took office in August 2013, is the 39th leader of Iran since its 1979 Islamic Revolution.
According to reports, Rouhani’s father, Reza Yousef, served as a judge in the shah’s court and his mother, Yaqub, played a role in the monarchy’s censorship of literature and art.
Rouhani is thought to have served as a journalist for the BBC’s Persian service and also worked as a lecturer and journalist for the Tehran University Student Council, the Tehran Student News Agency and the Islamic Students’ News Agency (ISNA).
He has also served in many religious roles, including spiritual leader of the student union at the Tehran University and governor of the university’s medical school. He was vice-chairman of Iran’s parliamentary committee on science, technology and the Internet.
Rouhani served as Iran’s ambassador to the United Nations from 2001 to 2005.
He announced in May 2013 that his country was negotiating with the West over its nuclear program, drawing international attention to Iran’s nuclear program that was targeting uranium enrichment.
Rouhani met with many of the world’s other leaders on his visit to Cuba to attend the Summit of the Americas.
In August 2013, when the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, issued a fatwa against making music, he put the music on YouTube under the title “Isa’s Impromptu.”
In August 2013, when Rouhani and Khamenei announced a Twitter handle for Iran’s negotiators, Rouhani became the first president to take to Twitter.
Rouhani published his first book on June 17, 2015. Rouhani thought up the name “Dreaming Cities” when he heard about the Oprah Winfrey Network and set up his book promotion program on Twitter.