Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Archaeologists say they’ve found a 4,500-year-old sun temple in Egypt
Archaeologists working in western Egypt say they have discovered a 4,500-year-old sun temple used by pharaohs to cast light rays on their royal robes.
The god Osiris was said to hold the right hand of the sun, and worship to him was part of royal rituals.
In honour of this “misunderstanding”, the temple’s crown was decorated with a priestly fist holding two sun rays and four fingers, said members of the team who made the discovery.
The temple was in the El Dafr neighbourhood in the western desert.
The head of the team, archaeologist Manuel Ayala, said: “Pharaohs would visit this temple and honour Osiris, this city offered an opportunity to practise practising, if you wish, the ritual of casting light on their robes.”
“Everyone in the city would enter through that shrine, but in the temple they make into a symbol for the correct interpretation of this misinterpreting.
“It is common for us to use this village as a model for our endeavours and cultural heritage, so the discovery of this temple will serve as an example of our previous and current findings.”
Ancient Pharaonic city
El Dafr used to be one of the great centres of the ancient Pharaonic city of Memphis – and also a destination for the sun ritual.
This temple was built by Pharaonic king Hezekiah II in about 3,500BC and used to highlight the right hand of Osiris, the sun god.
Under the late 2nd dynasty kings Tama and Amenhotep II, it was also used to worship Amun, a god similar to Daedalus and Agamemnon, and to visit the burial site of El Qiddissi, an Egyptian god who escaped being sacrificed by being locked in a large jar.
Ancient Egyptians believed that if a god or person was not marked by others in the tombs of high places, they would not seek a cult of the cultor.
It was also one of the first necropolises in the country.
Pharaonic temples have been found all over the western desert.
The most famous is the Karnak temple, which is one of the world’s most revered ancient sites.
It is one of the most famous sights in all of Egypt.